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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2075/2983

Title: The origin of the Florida sponge fishery.
Authors: Witzell, W. N.
Keywords: sponges (Porifera)
sponge divers
sponge fishers
sponge fisheries
sponge hookers
Apalachicola (Florida)
Key West (Florida)
Tarpon Springs (Florida)
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: National Marine Fisheries Service, Scientific Publication Office, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). This article is open-access.
Citation: Marine Fisheries Review 6(1), 27-32.
Abstract: This article discusses the origins of the Florida sponge fishery from 1852 to the introduction of helmet diving in 1905. The article provides an overview of the sponge industry, the biology of sponges, and details about sponge fisheries in Florida such as fishing grounds, seasons, methods, working conditions, sales, and factors affecting the trade. The article discusses issues such as overfishing, legislation enacted to protect the sponge industry, and the introduction of Mediterranean helmet diving at Tarpon Springs in 1905, which allowed sponge divers to seek sponges in deeper waters. The article also comments on the decline of the sponge industry from other factors such as the 'sponge blight' of 1939 and the beginning of artificial sponges in the 1950s.
Description: 6 p., PDF. Includes diagrams, sketches, and photographs. For related items, see BBL series 1A.6a, "laboratory research, sponges."
URI: http://spo.nmfs.noaa.gov/mfr601/mfr6012search.pdf
Appears in Collections:An Introduction and Overview to the Bass Biological Laboratory Papers

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